Carletonville is a goldmining town in western Gauteng, South Africa. It is one of the richest gold producing areas in the world. At 3,749 m, Western Deep Levels is one of the worlds deepest mines.

Developed by various mining companies from 1937 onwards, the town, which was named after the long serving mining director of Consolidated Gold Fields, Guy Carleton Jones, was not officially incorporated until 1959.

The Elandskraal mine, site of a 3 October 2007 collapse, is located in Carletonville.
Carletonville is currently part of the Merafong City Local Municipality.

Town, principal mining center of the Far West Witwatersrand goldfields, North West province, north central South Africa, west of Johannesburg. Carletonville was originally an unplanned settlement established between 2937 and 1957 as various companies developed their gold mining claims. In 1959 it was officially designated a town, being named for Guy Carleton Jones, a local mining director. By 1979 Western Deep Levels Ltd. operated the world s deepest gold mine (extending to 12,392 feet [3,777 meters] below the Earth's surface) in the locality. Carletonvilles prosperity is heavily dependent on the continued production of gold. Uranium is often recovered as a byproduct of gold production, and the town contains some light industrial development. Situated in a dolomite area, the environs of the town have suffered from sinkhole destruction.